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India has carved an eminent position in providing consultancy services to students who aspire to study abroad. As part of our commitment to being an indispensible resource for our students, Study Higher Education is dedicated towards providing authentic services & guidance to Indian students seeking higher education overseas and in making educational avenues abroad accessible to them. We take care of all the application aches, help you make an informed decision and provide step by step guidance through the application process.

Our company is led by Dr.Meenakshi kaul who is a doctorate from Wageningen University, the Netherlands and her field of research was “Carbon budgets and carbon sequestration potential of Indian forests”. Prior to her joining Wageningen University, she served as Research Assistant at Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi.

She has published research papers in many International journals. The four main chapters of the thesis have been published in the international scientific literature in the journals Forest Ecology and Management (2009, 258: 100-108), Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change (2010, 15: 395-409 and 15: 489-510) and Climatic Change (108, 1:243-259). Last seven years she has been representing various Dutch Universities in India.

My thesis

Carbon budgets and carbon sequestration potential of Indian forests

Kaul, M. (2010). PhD thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands

Keywords: Carbon uptake, Forest biomass, Bio-energy, Land use change, Indian forests, Deforestation, Afforestation, Rotation length, Trees outside forests (TOF) ISBN 978-90-8585-808-9;

Global climate change is a widespread and growing concern that has led to extensive international discussions and negotiations. Responses to this concern have focused on reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, especially carbon dioxide, and on measuring carbon absorbed by and stored in forests and soils. Forests are a significant part of the global carbon cycle. The amount of carbon stored, however, changes over time as forests grow and mature. Land use changes, especially afforestation and deforestation may have major impacts on carbon storage. An option for mitigating the accumulation of CO2 in the atmosphere is the enhanced sequestration of carbon by the biosphere through massive reforestation or sustainable afforestation programs. Reducing the rate of deforestation reduces carbon losses from the biosphere. Establishing plantations on former agricultural land may have less of an impact on increasing carbon sequestration than restoring natural forests. The focus of this study was to estimate the carbon budgets and carbon sequestration potential of Indian forests, assessing the possible impacts of land-use changes and climate change on carbon stocks of Indian forests, and the mitigation potential of using forest-based bioenergy for fossil fuel substitution.

The results from this study show that over a 10-year period from 1992-2002, Indian forests have acted as a small carbon sink. Thus, India with high population density, low forest cover per capita, high dependence of a large part of human population on forests, and a predominantly agrarian economy, has been able to reduce deforestation rate and increase its forest cover and associated carbon sink in the terrestrial biosphere. Due to fast growth rate and adaptability to a range of environments, short rotation plantations, in addition to carbon storage, rapidly produce biomass for energy and contribute to reduced greenhouse gas emissions. India has the potential to create additional carbon sinks using marginal lands, while at the same time balancing economic development and environmental concerns.